Generally, the field of fixed point theory has attracted the attention of researchers in different fields of science and engineering due to its use in proving the existence and uniqueness of solutions of real-world dynamic models. C*-algebra is being continually used to explain a physical system in quantum field theory and statistical mechanics and has subsequently become an important area of research. The concept of a C*-algebra-valued metric space was introduced in 2014 to generalize the concept of metric space. In fact, It is a generalization by replacing the set of real numbers with a C*-algebra. After that, this line of research continued, where several fixed point results have been obtained in the framework of C*-algebra valued metric, as well as (more general) C*-algebra-valued b-metric spaces and C*-algebra-valued extended b-metric spaces. Very recently, based on the concept and properties of C*-algebras, we have studied the quasi-case of such spaces to give a more general notion of relaxing the triangular inequality in the asymmetric case. In this paper, we first introduce the concept of C*-algebra-valued quasi-controlled K-metric spaces and prove some fixed point theorems that remain valid in this setting. To support our main results, we also furnish some examples which demonstrate the utility of our main result. Finally, as an application, we use our results to prove the existence and uniqueness of the solution to a nonlinear stochastic integral equation.

C*-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric spaces left convergence right convergence fixed point contraction
Introduction

One of the most relevant theories marking the passage from classical to modern analysis is the fixed point theory which was implemented by Banach . Several mathematicians have created diverse generalizations of Banach fixed point theory. Wilson, on the other hand, introduced the quasi-metric space that is one of the abstractions of the metric spaces . This theory, however, does not include the commutative condition. Numerous mathematicians have adopted this concept to demonstrate some fixed point outcomes, see .

The b-metric spaces concept was first set up by Bakhtin  and Czerwik . Besides, numerous authors obtained a lot of fixed point results. For example, see . The extended b-metric spaces idea was elaborated by Kamran et al.  and generalized by Abdeljawad et al.  by imposing the control or the double control of the s-relaxed inequality by one or two functions. Mudasir et al.  stated new results in the context of dislocated b-metric spaces and presented an application related to electrical engineering and extended the notion of Kannan maps in view of the F-contraction in this framework, see .

In [15,16], Ma et al. introduced C-algebra valued b-metric spaces by considering metrics that take values in the set of positive elements of a unitary C-algebra. Lately, Asim et al.   enlarged this class by defining C-algebra-valued extended b-metric spaces. Very recently, Kabbaj et al.  have investigated the quasi case of such a metric and they give a more general notion of relaxing the triangular inequality in the asymmetric case . Recently, for some work on fixed point theory in the mentioned area, we refer to some published work as .

In this work, we introduce the notion of C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric spaces. We give basic definitions and then employ them to demonstrate fixed point results in such spaces. Examples are also provided to verify the usefulness of our main results. Finally, as an application, we verify the existence of the solution for a nonlinear stochastic integral equation in this setting.

Preliminaries

Throughout this paper, A will be a unitary C-algebra with IA and σ(δ) is the spectrum of δA. We set Ah={δA:δ=δ},A+={δAh:σ(δ)[0,+[}; AI={δZI:δIA},ZI={δA:δγ=γδ;γA}.

Note that A+ is a cone , which induces a partial order on Ah by γδδγA+.

To prove our main results, it will be useful to introduce the following lemma.

Lemma 2.1.  Suppose that A is a unital C-algebra with a unit IA.

if γ,δAh and γδ, then for each ξA,ξγξξδξ;

if γ,δAh, γ,δ0A and γδ=δγ, then γδ0A;

for all γ,δAh, 0Aγδγδ;

0γIAγ1.

Definition 2.1.  Let Ω and Λ:Ω×ΩAI. A C-algebra-valued extended b-metric is a mapping Δ: Ω×ΩA such that

Δ(ω,ϖ)=0A if and only if ω=ϖ;

Δ(ω,ϖ)=Δ(ϖ,ω);

Δ(ω,ϖ)Λ(ω,ϖ)[Δ(ω,ν)+Δ(ν,ϖ)].

The triplet (Ω,A,Δ) is called a C-algebra valued extended b-metric space.

Main Results

In this section, by omitting the symmetry condition, we introduce the notion of C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric spaces, where K is a control function.

Definition 3.1. A C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space is the triplet (Ω,A,Δ) where Ω is a non empty set, K:Ω×ΩAI is a C-control function and Δ:Ω×ΩA is a mapping that

Δ(ω,ϖ)=0A if and only if ω=ϖ;

Δ(ω,ϖ)K(ω,ϖ)[Δ(ω,ν)+Δ(ν,ϖ)]forallω,ϖ,ϑΩ.

Remark 3.1. In particular, by taking K(ω,ϖ)=δIA, (Ω,A,Δ) is a C-algebra-valued quasi b-metric space .

Example 3.1. Let Ω=[0,1] and A=M2(R). We know that A is a C-algebra where partial ordering on M2(R) is given as (αij)1i,j2(βij)1i,j2αijβij for i=1,2.

Define a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric Δ:Ω×ΩR2 by: {Δ(ρ,ϖ)=,iffρ=ϖΔ(ρ,0)=Δ(0,ρ)=[1ρ001ρ],if ρ0Δ(ρ,ϖ)=[1+ϖρϖ001+ρρϖ],if ϖρ0.

Given the C-control function K:Ω×ΩAI as K(ρ,ϖ)=[1+1ρ+ϖ+1001+1ρ+ϖ+1].

Then, (Ω,A,Δ) is a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space.

Example 3.2. Let Ω=[0,1] and A=M2(C). Define a mapping Δ:Ω×ΩA as Δ(ρ,ϖ)=[(1+2|ρ|+|ϖ|)|ρϖ|200(1+2|ρ|+|ϖ|)|ρϖ|2].

Let the C-control function K:Ω×ΩA be defined by (for allρ,ϖΩ) K(ρ,ϖ)=2[1+2|ρ|+|ϖ|001+2|ρ|+|ϖ|].

Example 3.3. Consider Ω=C(S,C) the space of all continuous functions where S is compact. Let A=L(S) the usual unital C-algebra with the sup norm and given Δ:Ω×ΩA+ for each φ,ψΩ as Δ(φ,ψ)(t)={0, if φ=ψ111+|φ(t)|, if φ0,ψ=0111+|ψ(t)|, if φ=0,ψ0|φ(t)|+2|ψ(t)|, if φψ0

We take K(ψ,φ)(t)=|ψ(t)|+2|φ(t)|+2.

Thus, (Ω,Δ,L(S)) is a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space.

Next, we introduce some topological concepts on C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric spaces.

Definition 3.2. Let (Ω,A,Δ) be a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space. The open ball B(ω,r) of center ωΩ and radius r0A is given by B(ω,r)={ϖΩ:Δ(ω,ϖ)r}.

Example 3.4. Let us define a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric Δ:C×CR+2 as Δ(z,z)={(0,0),if z=z1|zz|+1|z|,1|zz|+11|z|,if zzwith the C-controlled function K:C×C]1,+[×]1,+[ given by K(z,z)=(1+|z||z|,1+|z||z|).

Then, it is evident that Δ(z,z)Λ(z,z)[Δ(z,z)+Δ(z,z)],z,z,z′′C.

The open ball B is given by B(z0,r.1A)=B(z0,(r,r))={zC:Δ(z0,z)(r,r)}={z0}{zC:zz0 and (1|z0z|+1|z0|,1|z0z|+1|z|)(r,r)}(|z|+1|z0z|,1+|z0||z0z|)(r,r){|z|+1|z|<r|z0||z|>1+|z0|r|z0|if r|z0|1, then B(z0,r.1A)={z0}if r|z0|>1, then B(z0,r.1A)={z0}{zC:|z|]max(1r|z0|1+1+|z0||z0|),+[}.

Remark 3.2. We can also define the closed ball by B¯(ω,r)={ϖΩ:Δ(ω,ϖ)r}.

Definition 3.3. Let (Ω,A,Δ) be a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space and let {ϖn} be a sequence in Ω.

{ϖn} is called left-converges to ϖΩ with respect to A, if and only if ε0AkN such that n>kΔ(ϖn,ϖ)ε.

{ϖn} is called right-converges to ϖΩ with respect to A, if and only if ε0AkN such that n>kΔ(ϖ,ϖn)ε.

{ϖn} is called converges to ϖΩ with respect to A, if and only if limnΔ(ϖ,ϖn)=limnΔ(ϖn,ϖ)=0A.

Definition 3.4. Let (X,A,Δ) be a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space. Then

{ϖn} is called right-Cauchy with respect to A, if for each ε0A there exists kN such that pN, n>kΔ(ϖn,ϖn+p)ε.

{ϖn} is called left-Cauchy with respect to A, if for each ε0A there exists kN such that pN, n>kΔ(ϖn+p,ϖn)ε.

{ϖn} is called Cauchy sequence with respect to A if and only if pN, limnΔ(ϖn,ϖn+p)=limnΔ(ϖn+p,ωn)=0A.

If every Cauchy sequence {ϖn} in Ω converges to some point ϖ in Ω, then, the triplet (Ω,A,Δ) is said to be a complete C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space.

Example 3.5. Take Ω=R+ and A=R2 Δ(η,ν)={(0,0), if η=ν(η1+η,η1+η), if η0,ν=0(ν1+ν,ν1+ν), if η=0,ν0(η+2ν,η+2ν), if ην0,ην

Let K:Ω×ΩAI be the mapping defined by K(η,ν)=(2η+2ν+2,2η+2ν+2).

Then, (Ω,A,Δ) is a complete C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space.

Example 3.6. Let S be a compact Hausdorff space and A=C(S) be the set of complex valued continuous functions on S. Note that C(S) is a unitary commutative C-algebra with the usual sup norm such that the involution is defined by ψ(x)=ψ(x)¯forallxS. Setting Ω=L(E) where E is a Lebesgue mensurable set and let us define a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric Δ:Ω×ΩA by Δ(ϕ,ψ)(t)=(1+ϕ+2ψ)ϕψetforallϕ,ψΩ;t[0,1].

Let us define the C-control operator by K(ϕ,ψ)=(1+ϕ+2ψ)IA.

The condition (i) of Definition 3.1 is clearly satisfied by Δ. Now we check the condition (ii). We take ϕ,ψΩ as arbitrary. Then Δ(ϕ,ψ)(t)=(1+ϕ+2ψ)ϕψet(1+ϕ+2ψ)(ϕφ+φψ)etK(ϕ,ψ)[Δ(ϕ,ψ)(t)+Δ(φ,ψ)(t)]for all t[0,1].

Therefore, Δ(ϕ,ψ)K(ϕ,ψ)(Δ(ϕ,φ)+Δ(φ,ψ))forallϕ,ψφΩ.

This prove that Δ is a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric. Now we want to verify that (X,A,Δ) is a complete C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space. Let {ϕn}n=1 be a Cauchy sequence in Ω with respect to A. Then limnΔ(ϕn,ϕn+p)=limnΔ(ϕn+p,ϕn)=0A.

We deduce limnϕn+pϕn=0, so {ϕn}n=1 is a Cauchy sequence in the space Ω. Since Ω is complete, {ϕn} has a limit ϕ~ that is also in Ω. Hence it follows that Δ(ϕn,ϕ~)e(1+ϕn+2ϕ~)ϕn+pϕnIAand Δ(ϕ~,ϕn)e(1+ϕ~+2ϕn)ϕn+pϕnIA.

We conclude that the sequence {ϕn}n=1 converges to the function ϕ~ in Ω respecting A.

We will fix the notion of a continuous metric in the context presented in this paper since in the literature during the proof of the results in fixed point certain problems arise due to the possible discontinuity of the b-metric with respect to the topology it generates.

Definition 3.5. Let Δ be a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric. Δ is said to be continuous at (ϖ,ω) if the sequence {ωn}n=0 converges to ω and {ϖn}n=0 converges to ϖ then Δ(ωn,ϖn)Δ(ω,ϖ)andΔ(ϖn,ωn)Δ(ϖ,ω).

Lemma 3.1. Let (Ω,A,Δ) be a C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space. Such Δ is continuous in each variable. If a sequence {ωn}n=1 has a limit, then this limit is unique.

Proof. Fix ε0A. By assumption, ϖn converges to ω so there exists K1N such that d(ω,ϖn)ε2 for all nK1. We also assume that ϖn converges to ϖ, so there exists K2N such that d(ϖn,ϖ)ε2 for all nk2. Then for all nK:=max{K1,K2} Δ(ϖ,ω)K(ϖ,ω)[Δ(ϖ,ϖn)+Δ(ϖn,ω)]K(ϖ,ω)ε.

As ε was arbitrary, we deduce that Δ(ϖ,ω)=0, which implies ϖ=ω.

Our main result runs as follows.

Theorem 3.1. Let (Ω,A,Δ) be complete C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space such that Δ is a continuous and Γ:ΩΩ satisfies the following: Δ(Γϖ,Γρ)θΔ(ϖ,ρ)θ,ϖ,ρΩwhere θA with θA<1 and limn,mK(ϖn,ϖm)AθAIA such that ωn=Γϖn1=Γnϖ0 for an arbitrary ϖ0. Then Γ has a unique fixed point ω~Ω.

Proof. Let the sequence {ϖn} be defined by ϖn=Γϖn1=Γnϖ0. From Eq. (1), we obtain by induction Δ(ϖn,ϖn+1)=Δ(Γϖn1,Γϖn)θΔ(ϖn1,ϖn)θ(θ)2Δ(ϖn2,ϖn1)θ2(θ)nΔ(ϖ0,ϖ1)θn.

Now we prove that {ϖn} is a right-Cauchy sequence. For any n,pN, we have Δ(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn,ϖn+p)[Δ(ϖn,ϖn+1)+Δ(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)]K(ϖn,ϖn+p)Δ(ϖn,ϖn+1)+K(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)Δ(ϖn+1,ϖn+2)K(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+p2,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+p1,ϖn+p)Δ(ϖn+p1,ϖn+p)K(ϖn,ϖn+p)(θ)nK(ϖ0,ϖ1)θn+K(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)(θ)n+1K(ϖ0,ϖ1)θn+1K(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+p2,ϖn+p)+K(ϖn+p1,ϖn+p)(θ)n+p1Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)θn+p1=K(ϖn,ϖn+p)(θ)n(Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12)2θn+K(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)(θ)n+1(Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12)2θn+1+K(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+p2,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+p1,ϖn+p)(θ)n+p1(K(ϖ0,ϖ1)12)2θn+p1=K(ϖn,ϖn+p)(Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12θn)(Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12θn)+K(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+p1,ϖn+p)(Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12θn+p1)(Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12θn+p1)=K(ϖn,ϖn+p)|Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12θn|2+K(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)|Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12θn+1|2K(ϖn,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+1,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+p2,ϖn+p)K(ϖn+p1,ϖn+p)|Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12θn+p1|2=i=0n+p1|Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12θn+i|2j=0iK(ϖn+p+j,ϖn+p)||i=0n+p1|Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)12θn+i|2||Aj=0iK(ϖn+j,ϖn+p)AIAi=0n+p1Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)A||θn+i||A2j=0iK(ϖn+j,ϖn+p)AIAΔ(ϖ0,ϖ1)Ai=0n+p1||θn+i||A2j=0iK(ϖn+j,ϖn+p)AIA

Since limn,mK(ϖn,ϖm)AθA<1 so that the series n=1θnAi=1nK(ϖi,ϖm)A converges by ratio test for each mN. Let Vn=i=0n||θi||A2j=0iK(ϖj,ϖm)A and V=i=0||θi||A2j=0iK(ϖj,ϖm)A

Thus, the above inequality implies Δ(ϖn,ϖn+p)Δ(ϖ0,ϖ1)A||θ2n||A[Vn+p1Vn].

Letting n, we conclude that {ϖn} is a right-Cauchy sequence. Similarly, we prove that {ϖn} is a left-Cauchy sequence. The fact that Ω is complete involves ω~Ω such that limnΔ(ω~,ωn)=limnΔ(ωn,ω~)=0A.

Remains to see that ω~ is a fixed point of Γ. Indeed for any nN, we have Δ(Γω~,ω~)K(Γω~,ω~)[Δ(Γω~,ϖn+1)+Δ(ϖn+1,ω~)]=K(Γω~,ω~)[Δ(Γω~,Γϖn)+Δ(ϖn+1,ω~)]K(Tω~,ω~)[θΔ(ω~,ϖn)θ+Δ(ϖn+1,ω~)]0A as n.

Therefore, ω~ is a fixed point of Γ. To prove uniqueness, we can assume Γω~=ω~ and Γω=ω such that ω~,ωΩ. Then by employing Eq. (1), we have Δ(ω~,ω)=Δ(Γω~,Γω)θΔ(ω~,ω)θ,so that ||Δ(ω~,ω)||A=||Δ(Γω~,Γω)||A||θΔ(ω~,ω)θ||A||θ||||Δ(ω~,ω)||θA=θA2||Δ(ω~,ω)||A<||Δ(ω~,ω)||A.

Then, we get a contradiction, as a result ω=ω.

Dynamic programming is a powerful technique for solving some complex problems in computer sciences. We illustrate Theorem 3.2 by studying the existence and uniqueness of the solutions of the functional equation presented in the following example.

Example 3.7. Let X and Y be Banach spaces. SX is the state space and DY is the decision space. Let η:S×DS, τ:S×DR and T:S×D×RR. Denote by B(S) the set of all real-valued bounded functions on S. Let A=L(S) the usual unital C-algebra with the sup norm and given Δ:B(S)×B(S)A+ for each φ,ψΩ as Δ(φ,ψ)=1+φ+ψ1+φφψ.IA

(B(S),Δ,L(S)) is a complete C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric space. We consider the functional equation ϖ(x)=supyD[τ(x,y)+T(x,y,ϖ(η(x,y)))](xS)such that τ and T are bounded and |T(x,y,z1)T(x,y,z2)|α1+2m|z1z2|for all (x,y,z1),(x,y,z2) in S×D×R, where 0α<1 and m=T. We define a mapping Γ:B(S)B(S) by Γϖ=h, where h(x)=supyD[τ(x,y)+T(x,y,ϖ(η(x,y)))](xS).

It is easy to get Δ(Γρ,Γϖ)θΔ(ρ,ϖ)θ satisfies with θ=αIA.

Therefore, the Eq. (1) possesses unique bounded solution on S.

Example 3.8. Let Ω=R and A=M2(C). For any AA, we define its norm as AA=max1i4|ai|. Define a mapping Δ:Ω×ΩA such that for all ρ and ϖΩ, Δ(ρ,ϖ)=[(1+2|ρ|+|ϖ|)|ρϖ|200(1+2|ρ|+|ϖ|)|ρϖ|2].

Let the C-control function K:Ω×ΩA by: K(ρ,ϖ)=2[1+2|ρ|+|ϖ|001+2|ρ|+|ϖ|].

We define a mapping Γ:ΩΩ by Γρ=ρ3,for allρΩ.

It is easy to get Δ(Γρ,Γϖ)θΔ(ρ,ϖ)θ where θ=A and θA=33=13<1.

Definition 3.6. Let Ω and OΓ(ϖ0)={Γnϖ0|nN} for an arbitrary ϖ0Ω. A function Φ:ΩA is said to be Γ-orbitally lower semi continuous at ϖ with respect to A if the sequence {ϖn} is such that limnϖn=ϖ with respect to A implies ||Φ(ϖ)||Alim inf||Φ(ϖn)||A.

Definition 3.7. Let (Ω,A,Δ) be a C-algebra valued quasi controlled K-metric space. Γ:ΩΩ is a C-left-contractive (respectively C-right-contractive mapping) if there exists ρΩ and an δA such that Δ(Γϖ,Γ2ϖ)δΔ(ϖ,Γϖ)δ(respectivelyΔ(Γϖ,Γ2ϖ)δΔ(Γ,ϖ)δ)with δ<1 for every ϖOΓ(ρ).

Theorem 3.2. Let (Ω,A,Δ) be a complete C-algebra valued quasi controlled K-metric space such that Δ is continuous. Suppose that Γ:ΩΩ is C-left-contractive for some δA, ϖ0Ω and limn,mK(ϖn,ϖm) exists for every {ωn}OΓ(ϖ0) such that limn,mK(ϖn,ϖm)A<1δA. Then Γnϖ0ω~Ω as n. Besides ω~ is a fixed point of Γ if and only if ϖΔ(ϖ,Γϖ) is Γ-orbitally l.s.c at ω~.

Proof. Similar to Theorem 3.1, we prove that {ϖn} is a Cauchy sequence. Since Ω is complete then ϖnω~Ω. Assume that ϖΔ(ϖ,Γϖ) is Γ-orbitally l.s.c at ω~, we obtain Δ(ω~,Γω~)Alim infnΔ(Γnϖ0,Γn+1ϖ0)Alim infnδAΔ(Γn1ϖ0,Γnϖ0)AδAlim infnδA2nΔ(ϖ0,ϖ1)A0

We find Δ(ω~,Γω~)=0. It follows that Γω~=ω~. Conversely, let ω~=Γω~ and {ϖn} a sequence in OΓ(ϖ0) with ϖnω~. Then Δ(ω~,Γω~A)=0lim infnΔ(ϖn,ΓϖnA),and this completes the proof.

Application

By applying the previous results and involving the C-algebra valued quasi controlled K-metric space, we prove the existence and uniqueness of a solution of a nonlinear stochastic integral equation given by ϰ(τ;ω)=Λ(τ;ω)+RΘ(τ;ξ;ω)ϑ(ξ;ϰ(ξ;ω))dξτR,ωΣ,where

Σ is the support of a complete probability space;

(Σ,A,P), Λ(τ,ω) is the continuous stochastic free where Λ(τ;.)L2(Σ,A,P)<;

Θ(τ,ξ,ω) is the stochastic kernel where Θ(τ,s;.) belongs to L(Σ,A,P) such that supτRRΘ(τ;ξ;ω)L(Σ,A,P)dξ<;

ϰ(τ,ω) is the unknown continuous real-valued stochastic process such that ϰ(τ;.)L2(Σ,β,P)<.

Let E be the space of all continuous functions from R into the space L2(Σ,A,P) such that g(τ,.)L2(Σ,A,P), g(τ;.)L2(Σ,A,P)< and τg(τ,.) is continuous from R into L2(Σ,A,P) for every gE.

We consider EB={ϰC(R,L2(Σ,β,P)):ϰ(τ,Σ)EB=supτRϰ(τ,Σ)L2(Σ,A,P)<}. Now, we define the integral operator Ψ on EB by (Ψϰ)(τ;ω)=RΘ(τ;s;ω)ϰ(s;ω)d(s)

We now claim (Ψϰ)(τ;ω)) is bounded and continuous in mean-square. Indeed (Ψϰ)(τ;ω)L2(Σ,A,P)RΘ(τ;ξ;ω)ϰ(ξ,ω)L2(Σ,A,P)dξsupξRϰ(ξ,ω)L2(Σ,A,P)RΘ(τ;ξ;ω)L(Ω,A,P)dξϰ(ξ,ω)EBRΘ(τ;ξ;ω)L(Σ,A,P)dξMϰ(ξ,ω)EB,where M=supτRRΘ(τ;s;ω)L(Σ,A,P)ds. This proves (Ψϰ)(τ;ω))EB, that means Ψ is an operator from EB into EB.

Assume now the function Λ(τ;ω) is a bounded continuous function from R into L2(Σ,A,P) and the function ϑ(ξ,ϰ(ξ;ω)) is in the C(R,L2(Ω,β,P)) satisfying the condition ϑ(ξ,ϰ(ξ;ω))ϑ(ξ,η(ξ;ω))L2(Ω,A,P)βϰ(ξ;ω)η(ξ;ω)L2(Σ,A,P),ϰ,ηEρwhere ρ and β are constants with βM<11+3ρ and Eρ is defined as Eρ={xC(R,L2(Σ,A,P)):ϰ(ξ,ω)Eρ=supξRϰ(ξ,ω)L2(Σ,A,P)<ρ}.

Define the operator Γ from Eρ into E by (Γϰ)(τ;ω)=Λ(τ;ω)+RΘ(τ;ξ;ω)ϑ(ξ,ϰ(ξ;ω))dξ.

Moreover, under the conditions Λ(τ;ω)L2(Σ,A,P)+Mϑ(τ,0)L2(Σ,A,P)ρ(1βM), we get (Γϰ)(τ;ω)L2(Σ,A,P)Λ(τ;ω)L2(Σ,A,P)+Mϑ(t,ϰ(τ;ω))L2(Σ,A,P)Λ(τ;ω)L2(Σ,A,P)+Mϑ(τ,0)L2(Σ,A,P)+Mβϰ(τ;ω)L2(Σ,A,P)ρ.

Hence, (Γϰ)(τ;ω)Eρ so Γ is self mapping on Eρ.

We prove the existence of solutions to problem 4 utilising our deduced fixed point theorems. Now, let Ω=Eρ and H=L2(R). We denote the set of all bounded linear operators on Hilbert space H by A=B(H). Note that B(H) is a unitary C-algebra. We define a C-algebra quasi controlled K-metric Δ:Ω×ΩA by: Δ(ϰ,η)=π(1+ϰL2(Σ,A,P)+2ηL2(Σ,A,P))ϰηL2(Σ,A,P).

Similar to the Example 6, one can easily verify the completeness of (Ω,A,Δ). Then, we get by using our assumptions ||Δ(Γϰ,Γη)||B(H)=supϕ=1π(1+ΓϰL2(Σ,A,P)+2ΓηL2(Σ,A,P))ΓϰΓηL2(Σ,A,P)ϕ,ϕ(1+3ρ)supϕ=1R||RΘ(τ,ξ;ω)[ϑ(ξ,ϰ(ξ;ω))ϑ(ξ,η(ξ;ω))]dξ||L2(Σ,A,P)|ϕ(τ)|2dτβM(1+3ρ)supϕ=1R|ϕ(τ)|2ϰ(ξ;ω)η(ξ;ω)EBdτβM(1+3ρ)supτRϰ(ξ;ω)η(ξ;ω)L2(Σ,A,P)βM(1+3ρ)supϕ=1π(1+ϰL2(Ω,A,P)+2ηL2(Σ,A,P))ϰηL2(Σ,A,P)ϕ,ϕβM(1+3ρ)||Δ(ϰ,η)||B(H).

Since βM(1+3ρ)<1, Γ satisfies the inequality (1). Therefore, the integral Eq. (4) has a unique solution by Theorem 3.1.

Example 4.1. Let Σ=]0,1[ and α]0,16[. We consider Θ:R×R×ΣR(τ,ξ,ω)|τ|αω(τ2+τ+1)(ξ2τ2+1)

Note that for all ξR, the function τΨ(τ,ξ;.) is continuous from R into L(Σ,β,P). (Ψϰ)(τ;ω)L2(Σ,A,P)RΘ(τ;ξ;ω)ϰ(ξ,ω)L2(Σ,A,P)dξsupξRϰ(ξ,ω)L2(Ω,A,P)Rταω(τ2+τ+1)(ξ2τ2+1)L(Ω,A,P)dξαϰ(ξ,ω)EBR|τ|(τ2+τ+1)(ξ2τ2+1)dξαπϰ(ξ,ω)EBMϰ(ξ,ω)EB.

Assume that Λ(τ,ω)=0 and we take ϑ(ξ,ϰ(ξ;ω))=eξ8(eξξ)(1+ξ2+|ϰ(ξ;ω)|). Then, we can check that condition 5 is satisfied with β=e8(e1).

Now let E3={xC(R,L2(Σ,A,P)):ϰ(ξ,ω)E2=supξRϰ(ξ,ω)L2(Σ,A,P)<2}.

We see that βM(1+3ρ)=10πe48(e1)<1, so all the assumptions mentioned in the application section are well insured. Hence, there exists unique solution of the nonlinear integral equation given by ϰ(τ;ω)=Rατωeξ8(τ2+τ+1)(ξ2τ2+1)(eξξ)(1+ξ2+|ϰ(ξ;ω)|)dξ.

Conclusion

The results obtained are supported by non-trivial examples and complement and extend some of the most recent results from the literature. We have made a contribution by establishing some basic fixed-point problems considering a C-algebra valued quasi controlled K-metric. We have proved some existence results for maps satisfying a new class of contractive conditions. The fixed point theorems are essential notions in the theory of integral equations. We have proved that the solution of a nonlinear stochastic integral equation of the Hammerstein type of a more general context using a C-algebra quasi controlled K-metric spaces.

Future study is to investigate the sufficient conditions to guarantee the existence of a unique positive definite solution of the nonlinear matrix equations in the setting of C-algebra-valued quasi controlled K-metric spaces. The conditions of Theorem 3.1 will be verified numerically by giving various values for the given matrices, and the convergence analysis of nonlinear matrix equations will be shown through graphical representations.

The authors Thabet Abdeljawad and Aziz Khan would like to thank Prince Sultan University for the support through the TAS research lab.

Funding Statement: The article is financially supported by Prince Sultan University.

Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to report regarding the present study.

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